19
06.2019

傳統阿育吠陀醫學和現代醫學對黃油的研究

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傳統阿育吠陀醫學和現代醫學對黃油的研究

傳統阿育吠陀醫學和現代醫學對黃油的研究

黃油,在 Sanskrita 也被稱為黃油,在整個印度次大陸已經使用了 5000 多年,是印度飲食中不可缺少的一部分。傳統上,它也與查拉卡( 查拉卡是印度阿育吠陀最古老的書面文本,可追溯到公元前 2 世紀 ) 記載的一些健康益處有關,如促進力量和長壽,促進食慾和消化… …等等。

區別:

現代黃油:黃油(Butter)是用牛奶加工出來的一種固態油脂,是把新鮮牛奶加以攪拌之後上層的濃稠狀物體濾去部分水分之後的產物。

印度黃油:在印度,黃油是通過偶爾的機會得到的,當全脂牛乳在馬背的皮袋中運輸時,由於坡路崎嶇,乳脂肪被攪動而形成了黃油產品。第一次黃油製作可以追溯到公元前1500年~2000年前,是亞洲聖地亞哥的居民記載的。古代部落通過攪拌牛乳、犛牛乳、馬乳創造了最古老的製造黃油的方法。黃油不僅要食用,而且可作為照明的燈油和藥用,同時也可以作為部落成員抵禦嚴酷冬天保護皮膚的潤膚品。

背景 :長期的膳食指南建議避免富含飽和脂肪的食物,如Ghrita,也被稱為黃油或印度酥油,它被認為是心血管疾病、糖尿病、中風等的罪魁禍首。與現代醫學相矛盾的是,阿育吠陀提倡明智地使用黃油有諸多好處。本文系統地回顧和分析了國內外關於黃油使用的利與弊的科學研究。

方法 : 在 Pubmed、google 等多種搜索引擎上進行搜索。從英文書籍中檢索到的相關文章和章節被保存到一個文件夾中,並分析它們與主題相關的實用價值,系統地介紹了這個問題。

結果 : 黃油由多種脂肪 ( 飽和脂肪、單飽和脂肪和多不飽和脂肪 )、脂肪酸、礦物質、維生素等組成。黃油的組成隨製備方法的不同而不同。在黃油平原和藥物治療方面進行的科學研究,報導了藥物治療對黃油在總體行為測試中的抑製作用、增強苯巴比妥睡眠時間、鎮痛作用和認知刺激作用。此外,評價黃油對血脂水平影響的研究表明,總膽固醇、低密度脂蛋白和極低密度脂蛋白的劑量依賴性降低。黃油也被報導有傷口癒合作用。

結論: 本研究的結果表明,無論是普通食物還是藥物治療的黃油,都對人體健康的各個組成部分具有有益的影響,打破了飲食中黃油被排除在外的神話。這些研究也證實了阿育吠陀經典文本的主張。

 

 

Cite this article: https://www.tmrjournals.com/tmr/EN/10.12032/TMR20190325111

A systematical review of traditional Ayurvedic and morden medical perspectives on Ghrita (clarified butter): a boon or bane
Vd. Varnika Singh1, Vd. Shalini Rai1*, Vd. Vijay Kumar Rai2
1Department of Roga Nidan evum Vikriti Vigyan, All India Institute of Ayurveda, Sarita Vihar, New Delhi, India. 2Department of Swasthavritta, Government PG Ayurveda College and Hospital, Varanasi, India.

Abstract

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Highlights
 
Ghrita (clarified butter), treated as the culprit of a number of diseases, has been depicted incorrectly for a long time. This review presents the complete picture in view of Ayurvedic perspective and recent researches on Ghrita to let the readers contemplate again on Ghrita
 
Traditionality
 
Ghrita, also called as clarified butter in Sanskrita, has been used for more than 5, 000 years throughout the Indian subcontinent and has been an inevitable part of diet in the Indian cuisine. It has also been traditionally associated with a number of health benefits recorded in Charaka (the most ancient written text of Ayurveda dating to second century B.C.), such as promoting strength and longevity, promoting appetite and digestion, increasing cognition, etc.
 
Abstract

 

Background: For long dietary guidelines, it is recommended to avoid foods rich in saturated fatlike Ghrita, also named clarified butter or ghee, which is considered as the culprit of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, stroke, etc. Contradictory to the modern medical science, Ayurveda advocated for numerous benefits of the usage of Ghrita in the judicious manner. This paper systematically reviews and analyses the scientific researches that carried out on the benefits and harms associated with the usage of Ghrita. Methods and Findings: A search over the various search engines like Pubmed, Google was made. The relevant articles and chapters from books retrieved in English language were saved to a folder and analysed for their utility relevant to the topic and the matter was presented in a systematic manner. Results: Ghrita consisted various fats (saturated, monosaturated and polyunsaturated), fatty acids, minerals, vitamins etc. And the composition of Ghrita varies along with the method of preparation. Scientific researches carried out on Ghrita plain as well as medicated have reported about the depressant effects of medicated Ghrita in gross behavioural tests, potentiated phentobarbitone sleeping time, analgesic effect and stimulatory effect on cognition. Further, studies conducted to evaluate the effect of Ghrita on the serum lipid levels showed a dose dependant decrease in the total cholesterol, low density lipoproteins, and very low density lipoproteins. Ghrita was also reported to have wound healing activity. Conclusion: The results of the study suggest the beneficial effects of plain as well as medicated Ghrita on the various components of health and break the myth associated to the exclusion of Ghrita in diet. These researches also substantiate the claims made by the classical texts of Ayurveda. 

Corresponding Authors: Vd. Shalini Rai, Department of Roga Nidan evum Vikriti Vigyan, All India Institute of Ayurveda, Sarita Vihar, New Delhi, India.     E-mail: vd.shalinirai@gmail.com

Cite this article:

Vd. Varnika Singh, Vd. Shalini Rai, Vd. Vijay Kumar Rai. A systematical review of traditional Ayurvedic and morden medical perspectives on Ghrita(clarified butter): a boon or bane. Traditional Medicine Research, Online.

URL:

https://www.tmrjournals.com/tmr/EN/10.12032/TMR20190325111     

OR     

https://www.tmrjournals.com/tmr/EN/Y0/V/I/1

 

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